Social Research Glossary


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Citation reference: Harvey, L., 2012-20, Social Research Glossary, Quality Research International,

This is a dynamic glossary and the author would welcome any e-mail suggestions for additions or amendments. Page updated 19 December, 2019 , © Lee Harvey 2012–2020.


A fast-paced novel of conjecture and surprises


Empirical data

core definition

Empirical data  is data that is collected through observation, questioning or experiment, as opposed to being theoretical.

explanatory context

See empirical

analytical review

My Accounting Course (2017) :

Empirical data involves the development of assumptions that pertain to the topic at hand. Analysts collect the relevant, and through empirical research, they observe how these data can prove or disprove their theory. The empirical data can be qualitative or quantitative. 

associated issues


related areas

See also



Researching the Real World Section 1.4.5


My Accounting Course, 2017, 'What is Empirical Evidence?', available at, accessed 27 May 2017, still available 3 June 2019.

copyright Lee Harvey 2012–2020


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